The first European contact with Story of Bali is believed to have been made at 1585 when a Portuguese ship foundered off the Bukit peninsula and abandoned A few Portuguese from the service of Dewa Agung. In 1597 the Dutch explorer Cornelis de Houtman arrived in Bali and, with the creation of Dutch Eastern India Company in 1602, the stage was set for historic management two and a half hundreds of years later Dutch control extended through the Indonesian archipelago during the second 50% of the nineteenth century. Dutch political and economic control over Bali began in the 1840 on the island’s north shore when the Allied pitted various distrustful Balinese realms contrary to each other.
At the late 1890 s, battles Between Balinese kingdoms from the island’s south west Were exploited by the Dutch to maximize their control. The Dutch mounted big naval and ground assaults in area of Sanur in 1906 and were met by thousands of members of the royal household and their followers that fought against the exceptional Dutch force at a suicidal Puputan defensive assault as opposed to face the humiliation of surrender. Despite Dutch demands for surrender, an estimated 1, 000 Balinese marched to their death against the invaders. In the intervention in Bali, an identical massacre occurred in the surface of a Dutch assault in Klungkung.
Subsequently, the Dutch governors were able to exercise administrative control over the island, but local control over faith and civilization usually remained intact. Dutch domination of Bali came afterwards and was never as well established as in others portions of Indonesia like Java and Maluku. At the 30s, both anthropologists Margaret Mead and Gregory Bateson, and musicians Miguel Covarrubias and Walter Spies, and musicologist Colin McPhee have created a Western image of Bali as an enchanted land of aesthetes at peace with themselves and nature, and Western tourism, first developed on the island. Imperial Japan occupied Bali during World War II.
Bali Island wasn’t initially a target in their Netherlands East Indies Campaign, but as the airfields on Borneo were inoperative due to heavy rains the Imperial Japanese Army chose to occupy Bali, which didn’t suffer from the comparable weather. The island had no routine Royal Netherlands East Indies Army troops. There was only a Native Auxiliary Corps Prajoda consisting of approximately 600 Aboriginal soldiers and Many Dutch KNIL officers under control Lieutenant Colonel KNIL W.P. Roodenburg. On 19 Feb 1942, Japanese forces landed near the city of Senoer. The island was quickly captured. Throughout the Japanese occupation a Balinese army officer, I’m Gusty Ngurah Rai, shaped a Balinese freedom army’. The dearth of institutional changes from the time of Dutch rule, however, and the harshness of warfare requisitions made Japanese rule bit better than the one. Following Japan’s Pacific surrender in August 1945, the Dutch immediately returned to Indonesia, such as Bali, instantly to restore their pre war colonial administration.